Energy is the ability to do work and it is stored in different forms in the body. Energy is proportional to the mass of the body and it is the physical quantity. The body’s ability to exert the push or pull against a natural force such as gravity identifies as to what type of energy is it. If the body is in the state of rest then we say that the body possesses the potential energy. If the body is in the state of motion then we say that the body possesses the Kinetic energy.
Type of energy contains by anybody can be decided by the property of the body. When any object starts moving from the rest position then we can say that potential energy changes into the kinetic energy. Through the collision process, kinetic energy can be transferred from one body to another body.
From the waterfall, we can easily understand the phenomenon of kinetic energy and potential energy. Waterfall has kinetic energy and potential energy both. Waterfall height is the basis for potential energy. If the height is greater the potential energy will be greater. Movement of the waterfall is the form of kinetic energy. From the greater height, the movement of water will be greater because of which kinetic energy will be greater.
- Kinetic energy easily transfer from one body to another whereas potential energy is not transferable.
- Velocity and mass are the determining factors of Kinetic energy whereas Height/distance and mass are the determining factors of potential energy.
- Example of kinetic energy is the water flowing and the example of potential energy is the presence of water at the top hill.
- Kinetic energy relative with respect to nature and potential energy is not relative with respect to nature.